Cesium Nitrate is an inorganic compound that belongs to nitrate. It is composed of nitrogen, cesium, and oxygen. Nitrogen and oxygen are covalent bonds to form nitrate ions, and nitrate ions and cesium ions are combined by ionic bonds to form a salt. kind. Cesium Nitrate is a white crystal in appearance, soluble in water.
Cesium Nitrate's prism is used for infrared spectroscopy, X-ray phosphors, and it can also be used to make optical lenses in a scintillation counter.
Cesium Nitrate is also widely used in military fireworks, in the manufacture of near-infrared flares and smoke. In the pyrotechnic effect, the active ingredient in the flame consists of cesium ions as condensation nuclei, which enhances the absorption of radioactivity is an important aerosol.
Preparation of Cesium Nitrate: Add nitric acid to the aqueous solution of cesium hydroxide, filter, evaporate and concentrate until crystals appear, cool, wash with ethanol, dry, and recrystallize to obtain Cesium Nitrate.
Cesium Nitrate is irritating to eyes, skin, mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract. It can cause excessive excitement of the animal's nerves and muscles. This substance may be harmful to the environment and has an accumulation effect in groundwater. Store in a cool, dry and well-ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat sources. The packaging is required to be sealed, moisture-proof and sun-proof. It should be stored separately from reducing agents, flammable and combustible materials, phosphorus, sulfur, etc. Avoid mixed storage and transportation.